John Locke Bibliography

Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1687) 1687
An abridgementÿ (?abr‚ge?) in French and published in December in BibliothŠqueuniverselle et historique, a periodical founded by Jean Le Clerc in 1686 for scholars and men of letters.ÿ Le Clerc was a former Calvinist divine, now liberal, and a notable publicist, whom Locke met in Amsterdam.ÿ Locke sent copies of the extract to English friends.ÿ He also published in the periodical an account of his method for indexing commonplace books and abstracts of several new books.
Epistola de Tolerantia 1689
Written in 1685 and published anonymously at Gouda, by Locke’s friends abroad.  A translation of the original Latin version, A Letter Concerning Toleration made by William Popple, was published in September in London. Further editions appeared in 1690, 1692 and a fourth was published posthumously.

Locke wrote the Letter for Philippus van Limborch, the head of the Remonstrant Church in Amsterdam, a distinguished theologian and ardent believer in toleration; he became one of Locke’s closet friends. Locke argued that churches are voluntary societies and that the state has no right to interfere with them except when they break secular laws, (e.g., sacrifice is punishable as murder.) Although Locke could not ignore England at the time, the Letter was written not so much to influence English policy as to defend Protestantism, which was threatened not only in England, where James II was using toleration to established the ascendency of the Roman Catholic Church, but also in France, where Louis XIV had subjected the Protestants to the dragonnades and then deprived them of all their confessional rights by revoking the edict of Nantes, and in Holland, where the Calvinist clergy, so far as the government would permit, ruthlessly attacked dissidents, especially Unitarians.
Two Treatises of Government 1689
Licensed for printing issued on the 23 August, published anonymously in October, with all copies dated 1690. A detailed refutation of Sir Robert Filmer’s Patriarcha, a vindication of the divine right of kings published in 1680, but written about 40 years earlier.
Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689) 1689
The Essay was published in December, with all copies dated 1690, at the ?George?, in Fleet Street, near St. Dunstan?s Church. Locke had worked on it for sixteen years, and for the copyright he was paid thirty pounds. Locke prepared new editions of the Essay throughout his life, answered many criticisms and supervised a French translation by P. Coste, published in 1700 and which ran through 9 editions by 1760. In England it appeared in 28 or more editions by 1838. A French translation appeared in 1700 but sales were slow, unsold copies were still available twenty-five years later. Interest in Locke was aroused on the Continent with the publication of Voltaire's Lettres anglaises in 1733.
Second Letter on Toleration 1690
Published anonymously in June. Both the Second and Third Letters were replies to the controversy aroused after publication in London of A Letter Concerning Toleration.
Third Letter Concerning Toleration 1692
Thoughts Concerning Education 1693
Written after Locke had been consulted in Holland by his friend Edward Clarke about the education of his son. Clarke was then managing Locke’s English affairs and was a member of parliament between 1690 and 1710. The work was aimed originally at the the sons of the English country gentry, but it became more widely popular in both England and on the Continent, where it was translated into French in 1695, and is regarded as a classic of educational theory. For example, in the Preface to Émile Rousseau remarks that education has made no progress since Locke.

“I think, I may say, that, of all the men we meet with, nine parts of ten are what they are, good or evil, useful or not, by their education.” (para. 1)
The Reasonableness of Christianity as Delivered in the Scriptures 1695
Published anonymously, Locke’s last major work, in which he defends and emphasizes the rational element in the Gospels. Although he remained an Anglican, the book appealed to Unitarians and Deists and brought him into fresh controversy.

“Mr. Lock’s reasonableness of Christian religion is really a new religion” (Voltaire, Notebooks, 45)
Mr. Locke’s Reply to the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to his Letter, concerning some Passages relating to Mr. Locke’s Essay of Humane Understanding: in a late Discourse of his Lordships, in Vindication of the Trinity 1697
Locke’s answer to Stillingfleet’s charges, in which he defends himself against the dangerous inferences with respect to the doctrine of the Trinity which Stillingfleet had drawn from his theory of ideas; Stillingfleet was not satisfied and wrote a reply which was published in 1697 (although title-page dated 1698). The 7-page appendix is entitled An Answer to Remarks upon an Essay concerning Humane Understanding.
A Letter to the Right Reverend Edward Ld Bishop of Worcester, Concerning some Passages relating to Mr. Locke’s Essay of Humane Understanding: In a Late Discourse in his Lordships, in Vindication of the Trinity 1697
Between 1696 and 1699 Locke was involved in one of the most memorable controversies in the history of philosophy.  Bishop Stillingfleet, a learned divine, but no great philosopher, had attacked Locke in his Discourse in Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity of 1696, having read a pamphlet by the Irish pantheist Toland, who had argued that there was nothing mysterious in Christianity, which he had based on Locke’s Essay.  Stillingfleet accused Locke’s philosophy of materialism. Locke answered this attack promptly with A Letter to .... the Bishop of Worcester ....
Posthumous Works of Mr. John Locke: viz. I. Of the Conduct of the Understanding. II. An Examination of P. Malebranche’s Opinion of Seeing all things in God. III. A Discourse of Miracles. IV. Part of a Fourth Letter for Toleration. V. Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony first Earl of Shaftesbury. To which is added, VI. His New Method of a Common-Place-Book, written orginally in French, and now translated into English 1706
The first collection of Locke’s works some of them previously unpublished; it appeared two years after his death and was published by his literary executors Anthony Collins and Sir Peter King.

On the Conduct of the Understanding was originally intended as a chapter of the Essay; it rapidly became one of his most popular pieces and appeared separately in several editions during the eighteenth century. The examination of Malebranche’s doctrine drew a reply from Leibniz, which is often reprinted in French editions of Locke’s works; a further discussion by Locke was published in Desmaizeaux’s collection in 1720, Remarks upon some of Mr. Norris’s Books, wherein he asserts P. Malebranche’s Opinion of our seeing all Things in God. The Fourth Letter for Toleration represents the last stage of a controversy with Jonas Proast of Queen’s College, Oxford; Locke was already dying when he began the draft, and it was found unfinished among his papers after his death. The New Method of a Common-Place-Book was originally written in French, and appeared in the July number of Le Clerc’s Bibliothéque Universelle et Historique de l’Anne M.D.C. LXXXVI.” All these posthumous works were included in the collected edition of Locke’s Works, 1714, and in all subsequent editions. (Attig 724.)
A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, Romans, I & II Corinthians, Ephesians. To which is Prefix’d, an Essay for the Understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by Consulting St. Paul Himself 1707
Collected Works 1714
The first of 12 editions of Locke’s collected works which appeared between 1714 and 1823.
Discourses: Translated from Nicole’s Essays, by John Locke, with important variations from the original French. 1. On the Existence of a God. 2. On the Weakness of Man. 3. On the Way of Preserving Peace 1828
"Dedicated to the Countess of Shaftesbury. Now first printed from the Autograph of the Translator, in the possession of Thomas Hancock, M.D. London."

“In 1672, on his first journey to France, Locke had translated some of Pierre Nicole’s Essais de Morale, published 1670-71. These translations were by Locke presented to the Countess of Shaftesbury, the mother of the author of Characteristics, nicely written and bound, 376 pp. in 12mo. They remained in manuscript till 1828 when they were published as Discourses: Translated from Nicole's Essays ....” (Christophersen, p.79. Attig 785.)