Dumarsais Bibliography

Le Philosophe 1743
Le Philosophe was composed around 1720, and is generally considered a manifesto of French Enlightenment; it describes the philosopher as a human machine which by means of its mechanical constitution reflects on its movements; he is moved by reason as a Christian is moved by grace. Le philosophe has also been attributed to Diderot, who later abridged it for the Encyclopédie. Voltaire later published two versions of it and claimed it had been in circulation since 1730. One of Fontenelle’s essays, Traité de la liberté, became one of his most famous clandestine works, and was reprinted in many posthumous editions of Fontenells’s works.