John Millar Bibliography

Observations concerning the Distinctions of Ranks in Society 1771
Member of the Scottish school, friend and colleague of Adam Smith, Millar’s book appeared in a second edition in 1773 and a third in 1779. In an analysis of the different relations of power between men and women, fathers and children, states and subjects, Millar devotes the last chapter to “The Authority of a Master over Servants”. He argues that slavery is “inconsistent with humanity” and that “when a people become civilized, and when they have made considerable progress in commerce and manufactures, one would imagine they should entertain more liberal views, and be influenced by more extensive considerations of utility.” Slavery is unprofitable and “contrary to the true interest of the master . . . No conclusion seems more certain than this, that men will commonly exert more activity when they work for their own benefit, than when they are compelled to labour for the benefit merely of another. The introduction of personal liberty has therefore an infallible tendency to render the inhabitants of a country more industrious.”
An Historical View of the English Government from the Settlement of the Saxons in Britain to the Revolution in 1688 1787
Published in 4 Volumes. Millar was a member of Scottish School and friend of Adam Smith. “The great Montesquieu pointed out the road. He was the Bacon in this branch of philosophy. Dr. Smith is the Newton.”