Daniel Defoe Bibliography

The Shortest Way with Dissenters 1702
This pamphlet landed Defoe in the pillory when its ironic attack on the Dissenters was taken seriously. Defoe had sought to discredit the high-church Tories by writing from their point of view and reducing their arguments to absurdity. At the time the Tories were determined to prevent the practice, carried out by dissenters and low churchmen who were mainly Whigs, of ‘occassional conformity’; the practice, that is, of receiving the sacraments according to the rights of the Church of England, in order to qualify for public service, and then attending dissenters worship services. The pamphlet land Defoe in trouble with both dissenters and highchurchmen; he was arrested in May 1703 for seditious libel and indicted at the Old Bailey as “a seditious man and of a disordered mind, and a person of a bad name, reputation and conversation”. He received a harsh sentence: a fine of 200 marks, to stand three times in the pillory and to find sureties for his good behaviour for seven years. The pamphlet was the first work for which Defoe became widely known.
Hymn to the Pillory 1703
Written while Defoe was awaiting trail for sedition, the Hymn helped to turn his punishment into something of a triumph, with a glorification of the pillory and the mob drinking to his health.
Jure Divino 1706
A long political poem, in twelve books, attacking the divine right of kings.
The Life and strange surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe 1719
Published in Feburary in an edition of 1,000, like almost all of Defoe’s work, Robinson Crusoe was followed some months later by its sequel, The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Defoe was not known to his contemporaries as a novelist; his fictional writings appeared anonymously, and most were not attributed to him until several decades after his death. Robinson Crusoe was a commercial success and was translated into French and German in 1720 and Swedish in 1734.
The Serious Reflections of Robinson Crusoe 1720
A collection of moral essays in which Defoe represents his novel as an allegory of his own life. This was partly a defence against the disapproval of his fellow Puritans who regarded fiction as hardly distinquishable from a set of lies.
Life and Adventures of Mr Duncan Campbell, The Life of Captain Singleton (dramatic study of priacy) and Memoires of a Cavalier (depiction of seventeenth century warfare) 1720
Moll Flanders, A Journal of the Plague Year, The History of Peter the Great, Colonel Jack (an evocation of the hero’s youth on the streets of London) 1722
Roxana, A New Voyage Around the World 1724
A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain 1724
A guide-book which appeared in three volumes between 1724-6.
History of the Pirates 1724
Published between 1724 and 1728.
The Complete English Tradesman 1725
A celebration of the business ethic and mercantile values (thrift, energy, self-help, etc.)
The Political History of the Devil 1726
The Four Voyages of Captain George Roberts 1726
An Essay on . . . Apparitions 1727
Augusta Triumphans or The Way to Make London the Most Flourishing City in the Universe 1728
One of Defoe's proposals was the establishment of a London University.
A Plan of the English Commerce, Augusta Triumphans, A Short View of the State of Ireland 1728