Bernard Mandeville Bibliography

The Grumbling Hive, or Knaves turn’d Honest 1705
A satire on the corruption of early eighteenth century England and reissued, with accompanying essays, in 1714 as The Fable of the Bees; or Private Vices, Public Benefits. Many bitter attacks on The Grumbling Hive, a moralising poem of 433 lines, caused Mandeville to produce several expositions, elaborations, and defenses of it, all of which grew over the years into The Fable of the Bees.
The Virgin Unmask’d 1709
Treatise of the Hypochondriack and Hysterick Passions 1711
Mandaville made his career in London as a doctor, having established in the 1690’s a medical practice in which he treated patients suffering from hypochondria, hysteria and other nervous disorders.
The Fable of the Bees 1723
An expanded version of the original edition, first published in 1714, The Fable of the Bees appeared during a public controversy over the value of charity. The work’s subtitle, Private Vices, Public Benefits exemplified Mandeville’s view that man is essentially selfish although the interaction of private vices results in public benefit. “Thus every Part was full of Vice,/Yet the whole Mass a Paradise”. Mandeville, in acheiving notoriety, caught the dark side of the public’s imagination in light of the South Sea Bubble scandal. His writings remained influential throughout the century and generated much criticism, as they did for example in Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin of Inequality.
An Enquiry into the Causes of the Frequent Executions at Tyburn 1725
A Modest Defence of the Publick Stews 1726
Includes a defence of the benefits of red-light districts.
The Fable of the Bees; or Private Vices, Public Benefits 1729
A work which clearly influenced Adam Smith and Veblen due to its central argument that vice is the behaviour that alone promotes profitable economic activity.