George Berkeley Bibliography

Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision 1709
Human Knowledge. Part I [all published]. Wherein the chief Causes of Error and Difficulty in the Sciences, with the Grounds of Scepticism, Atheism, and Irreligion, are inquir’d into 1710
Berkeley’s most important work, published in Dublin, in which he sought to establish his doctrine of immaterialism as the basis of religious belief. Although called “Part I”, part II was never published and, in a letter to a friend dated 1730, Berkeley wrote that he had made considerable progress with the second part but had lost the manuscript about fourteen years earlier during his travels in Italy. Hume regarded the work as “one of the greatest and most valuable discoveries that has been made of late years in the republic of letters ....” “Whatever doctrine contradicts vulgar and settled opinion had need been introduced with great caution into the world. For this reason it was I omitted all mention of the non-existence of matter in the title-page, dedication, preface, and introduction, that so the notion might steal unawares on the reader.” Berkeley’s letter to Percival, Sept. 6, 1710.
Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous 1713
The Ladies Library. Written by a Lady 1714
Published in three volumes by Steele in London. A very popular improving work, one of a number published during the latter half of the 17th and early part of the 18th centuries. The traditional attribution to Lady Wray, Jeremy Taylor’s grand-daughter, is now to be dismissed, as the contract for the work between Steele and Bishop Berkeley survives in the Osborn collection at Yale. “It might be thought strange that Berkeley should use the nom de plume ‘written by a Lady’. In fact he seldom used his own name on a title-page. .... Most of the Ladies Library is made up of long, unaltered quotations from ‘the best English authors’. In some cases quotations are revised and words added or subtracted. Occasionally, whole paragraphs are added, especially by way of introduction or transition. .... The Contract and Preface plainly point to Berkeley as being entirely responsible for the body of the work. And it may also be assumed that he wrote the Introduction in Volume 1 ....” Berkeley Newsletter, No. 4. “For a complete record of Berkeley’s contributions, one must examine the Ladies Library against the original texts of those authors such as Fenelon, Taylor, and Fleetwood, whom Berkeley at times thoroughly and extensively rewrites and expands, weaving his own arguments through and against theirs in a way that makes the extrication of ‘insertions’ difficult.” Newsletter, No. 11.
De Motu, (On Motion) 1721
Berkeley’s attack on Newton’s philosophy of space.
Alciphron: Or, the Minute Philosopher. In Seven Dialogues. Containing an Apology for the Christian Religion, against those who are called Free-thinkers 1732
Published in London in two volumes; volume 2 includes An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision. The dialogues constitute a defence of Christianity from the point of view of an Anglican divine, though based on the philosophical beliefs defined in Berkeley's earlier works.
The Theory of Vision, or Visual Language, shewing the Immediate Presence and Providence of a Deity, Vindicated and Explained. By the Author of Alciphron, or, The Minute Philosopher 1733
The Theory of Vision was Berkeley’s answer to an attack in the London Daily Post-boy, with the anonymous letter appended. “This book was thought to be of such small importance that it was overlooked by the editor of the Works, 1784, and, as Luce says, ‘was lost to sight for over a century’, that is until it was reprinted with annotations by H.V.H. Cowell in 1860 and restored to the Works by Fraser in 1871. It was Berkeley’s final word on his Theory of Vision, and he wrote of it in a letter to the Revd. Samuel Johnson, 4 April, 1734, that he composed it simply to explain his doctrine. Luce suggests that his real object was ‘to broaden the basis of his theory of vision, and so to bring its metaphysics into conformity with the Principles’. He argues that with the passage of time the Theory of Vision had become much better known than the Principles, so that the ‘semi-materialism’ of the earlier book had overshadowed the immaterialism of the later one. The Vindication was designed to set this right and is therefore of major importance. The fact of its having been overlooked for so long was not due to any particular rarity; more probably its small size and modest appearance without the author’s name suggested that it was only a trivial addition to the argument.” (Jessop 134. Keynes 4.)
The Analyst; Or, a Discourse addressed to an Infidel Mathematician. Wherein it is examined whether the Object, Principles, and Inferences of the modern Analysis are more distinctly conceived, or more evidently deduced, than Religious Mysteries and Points of Faith. By the Author of The Minute Philosopher 1734
The ‘Infidel Mathematician’ was probably Edmund Halley, astronomer and mathematician. This work started a controversy among mathematicians beginning with Jurin's attack on Berkeley, answered in his ‘Defence of Free-thinking in Mathematics’; other pamphlets followed, some of which Berkeley did not trouble to answer. According to Keynes “This book was the origin of the Berkeley-Newton controversy. In it, Bishop Berkeley attacks the logical basis of the Fluxion and higher mathematics in general, as leading to free thinking.”
The Querist, containing Several Queries, proposed to the Consideration of the Public. To which is added, by the same Author, A Word to the Wise: Or, an Exhortation to the Roman Catholic Clergy of Ireland 1735
Published between 1735 and 1737, epigrams on the economic plight in Ireland. A second edition appeared in 1750.
Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions and Inquiries concerning the Virtues of Tar Water, and divers other Subjects connected together and arising one from another 1744
Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions and Inquiries concerning the Virtues of Tar Water, and divers other Subjects connected together and arising one from another.